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Denmark Transportations
 
 
 

General

Transportation is highly developed in Denmark. The road system is well engineered and adequately maintained. Among the most important bridges are the Storstrom Bridge linking the islands of Sjaelland and Falster, and the Little Belt Bridge linking Fyn and Jutland. A new train and auto link joins Sjaell and Fyn (18 km/11 mi); a new series of bridges connecting Denmark to Sweden – spanning 4.9 mi across the Oresund Strait and costing Kr13.9 billion – opened in July 2000. The link reduces transit time between the two countries to 15 minutes for cars and trucks and less than 10 minutes for high speed trains. Cars travel on the upper tier and trains on the lower. As of 2005, Denmark had 72,257 km (44,898 mi) of paved roadways, including 1,032 km (641 mi) of expressways.

The railway system had a total of 2,644 km (1,643 mi) as of 2007, of which 636 km (395 mi) were electrified.

The Danish merchant fleet as of 2007 was composed of 229 ships of at least 1,000 GRT, for a total of 8,767,265 GRT (8,143,520 DWT). The majority of these vessels belonged to the Danish International Registry, an offshore registry program allowing foreign-owned vessels to sail under the Danish flag. Denmark, which pioneered the use of motor-driven ships, has many excellent and well-equipped harbours, of which Copenhagen is the most important.

There were 91 airports in 2007, of which 28 had paved runways. Kastrup Airport near Copenhagen is a centre of international air traffic. Domestic traffic is handled by Danish Airlines in conjunction with SAS, a joint Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish enterprise. In 2001, 6,382,100 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.

Overview

Airports:
91 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 28
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 12
under 914 m: 3 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 63
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 60 (2007)

Pipelines:
condensate 12 km; gas 3,931 km; oil 626 km; oil/gas/water 2 km (2006)

Railways:
total: 2,644 km
standard gauge: 2,644 km 1.435-m gauge (636 km electrified) (2007)

Roadways:
total: 72,257 km
paved: 72,257 km (includes 1,032 km of expressways) (2005)

Waterways:
400 km (2007)

Merchant marine:
total: 299 ships (1000 GRT or over) 8,767,265 GRT/10,604,081 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 7, cargo 64, chemical tanker 57, container 84, liquefied gas 2, livestock carrier 2, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 41, petroleum tanker 22, refrigerated cargo 7, roll on/roll off 8, specialized tanker 4
foreign-owned: 25 (Canada 1, Germany 13, Greece 4, Greenland 1, Norway 1, Sweden 4, UK 1)
registered in other countries: 468 (Antigua and Barbuda 15, Bahamas 66, Belgium 3, Brazil 2, Cayman Islands 3, Cyprus 1, Egypt 1, Estonia 2, France 3, Gibraltar 9, Hong Kong 12, Isle of Man 41, Italy 2, Jamaica 1, Liberia 12, Lithuania 9, Malta 10, Marshall Islands 9, Mexico 2, Netherlands 19, Netherlands Antilles 1, Norway 26, Panama 32, Portugal 3, Singapore 68, South Africa 1, Spain 2, St Vincent and The Grenadines 16, Sweden 4, UK 61, US 29, Venezuela 3) (2007)

Ports and terminals:
Aalborg, Aarhus, Asnaesvaerkets, Copenhagen, Elsinore, Ensted, Esbjerg, Fredericia, Frederikshavn, Kalundborg, Odense, Roenne